Eyes stay humid and watery thanks to tears. If tears are not produced enough or the quality is spoiled, the eyes lose moisture. This situation is called dry eye syndrome although people generally describe it as “dry eyes.” Dry eyes can’t only be from the lack of tears. Factors, such as the use of expired cosmetics, nutrition deficient in vitamin E, lack of water, use of medicine, age, eye surgery, air conditioning and looking at a computer screen for a long time, can all be cause for dry eyes. Tips to Relieve Dry Eyes
There are water, oil, mucus, protein and various antibodies in tears. Water provides the necessary moisture for eyes. Oil is essential for eye movement and protection of its layers. Antibodies and proteins protect the eyes against possible infections. These components come together in special glands around the eyes. Even the simplest problem in the tear system can threaten eye health.SymptomsInterestingly, dry eyes can create an overabundance of tears sometimes. This is called reflex tearing. The deficiency of moisture irritates your eyes. They send a danger signal to your neural system for more oiling. Your body starts to secrete tears in order to compensate for too much dryness in your eyes. However, these tears are only water and do not cover the surface of the eyes. Therefore, the sensitivity in the eyes increases. Generally, the symptoms of dry eye syndrome are:
Feeling like there is always something in your eyes
A sticky discharge around eyes
Stinging feeling while using contact lenses
Air conditioning in summer
Tears protect eyes from infection and relieve their surface. Every time you blink your eyes, these tears pass over your eyes. If you do not produce enough tears, your eyes get dry and irritated. The dryness of an air conditioned atmosphere causes dry eyes, negatively affecting our tear ducts.
Foods to support your body
Healthy nutrition supports all systems of your body. By getting necessary vitamins and minerals for your eyes, you can both prevent dryness in eyes and protect against eye diseases.
A diet rich in omega-3 helps tears called Meibomian glands in the eyes to form their oily part. Oil prevents quick drying in eyes. Omega-3 oils are especially preventive against inflammation on the surface of the eyes and eyelids. Fish is a perfect source for omega-3 fatty acids. Eat oily species, such as tuna (fresh), thunnus, salmon, sardine and anchovy, at least two times a week.
Omega-3 oils are also found in some vegetables and foods along with fishes. Hazelnut, seeds, like flaxseed, soya beans and green-leafy vegetables are some of them.
Nutrition rich in vitamin A and C
Vitamin A has miraculous effects in terms of eye health. It increases the quality of sight, protects cornea, brightens the surface of the pupil and minimizes the effects of eye diseases, such as nyctalopia, known as night blindness, glaucoma, cataract and age-related macular degeneration. We all have heard that eating carrots are good for our eyes since our childhood. That is true. Carrots help to protect your eye health with vitamin A that it contains. However, is vitamin A found only in carrots? Of course not. Spinach, green pepper, sweet potato and egg are foods that are rich in vitamin A.
Vitamin C is also precious for eye health. Research showed that vitamin C decreases the risk of cataract. As it is known, cataract is an eye disease which appears depending on age. Therefore, you need to have a nutrition rich in vitamin C, especially after you’re 40. When vitamin C is mentioned, oranges and lemons are the first things that come to mind. Besides all this, green peppers, strawberries and green-leafy vegetables are rich in vitamin C, as well.
Macular degeneration, which is caused by being exposed to sun light without any protection and advancing age, is an eye disease that starts with reading disability and can advance to seeing objects crooked and wavy. Research revealed that it is possible to decrease the effects of this disease with lutein. It is known that the effect of lutein increases when it is taken with vitamin A and C, zinc and selenium. Lutein, which is found in dark green vegetables, such as spinach and broccoli, plentifully, is also found in avocado. On the other hand, research has proven that consuming dark green vegetables with a small amount of olive oil increases the effect of lutein.
Zinc is necessary
Zinc is an important material that helps you to get vitamin A in every part of your body from the liver to the retina. Zinc is a pigment that protects your eyes, and infection risk increases in its deficiency. Your body cannot produce zinc naturally. Therefore, it is important to take it with foods. Foods that are rich in zinc are oysters, beef, lobster, yogurt, salmon, milk and eggs.
Dry eyes occur because of moisture deficiency which appears when the eyes cannot produce enough tears. According to research by the National Eye Institute, dry eyes are observed in women, especially after menopause.
With advancing age, eyes produce fewer tears. When the proper environment for moistness in eyes cannot be maintained, problems such as burning, stinging, itching, redness, scratching and tearing begin to appear. Use of contact lenses, eye surgery, cardiac, ulcer and chemotherapy medicines as well as spending too much time in front of a computer and environmental factors can cause dry eyes.
Stupe: Try to stupe your eyelids for 5-10 minutes two or three times a day when they get dry. Moisture and warmth relieve eyes and heals them by stimulating tears.
Computer break: Sitting in front of a computer for a whole day can cause problems in your eyes. Take a minute break for every hour that you spend in front of a computer.
If your eyes are dry, you need to be careful about hair dryers, air conditioners, wind, smoke and some chemicals that can irritate them. For example, you can dry your hair from behind. During exercise or open-air activities, use swimming glasses or googles. These glasses help you to keep the moisture around your eyes.
You can decrease your problems with your dry eyes by changing your daily routines. Researchers at University of Wisconsin Medicine Faculty observed that the consumption of caffeine and smoking increase the symptoms of eye dryness. In research done with 3,703 people, it is determined that some factors about dry eye syndrome can be controlled. It is seen that the rate of dry eyes is higher in smokers. Experts say that evaluation and treatment of dry eyes are important not only for the comfort of people but also for the health of eyes. Dry eye treatments should be firstly started by giving importance to the symptoms. Many creams and artificial tears on the market are effective in the treatment of dry eyes. However, they should be used with a doctor’s consent. Lastly, you should be consuming eight or 10 glasses of water a day to help you get the moisture that your tear ducts need
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Multivitamin kullanarak sağlıklı kalınabilir mi?
Sağlığımızı korumak için almamız gereken bazı önlemler var. Vitamin ve mineral takviyeleri bunlardan biri olabilir mi? Multivitaminler üzerine birçok farklı araştırma, bir o kadar da faklı fikir var.
Kendimizi iyi hissetmediğimiz zamanlarda vitaminsiz kaldığımızı düşünmüşüzdür. Bazen kendi kararımızla bazen de doktor tavsiyesiyle takviye vitaminlere başvururuz. Hatta tek tek vitamin almak yerine birçok vitamin ve mineral içeren multivitaminler daha cazip gelir. Bunu sağlığımızı korumak adına yaparız. Ancak bazı uzmanlara göre, günlük multivitaminler sanıldığı kadar fayda sağlamıyor, bazılarına göre ise multivitamin takviyesi gerekli. Peki, ne yapmalıyız?
Multivitamin Kullanmalı mıyız?
Annals of Internal Medicine dergisinde yayımlanmış bir araştırmaya göre multivitaminler kalbin veya beynin korunmasında bir fonksiyona sahip değil. Bazı Harvard uzmanları ise hala umutlu. Öyle ki onlara göre multivitaminler herhangi bir risk oluşturmuyor, aksine avantajları var ve sağlıklı bir yaşam için gerekli.
Sağlığımız söz konusu olduğunda işin uzmanlarına güvenmemiz gerekir. Ancak uzmanlar bir noktada buluşamadığında bazen kendimize güvenmemiz ve vücudumuzun ihtiyaçlarını iyi anlamamız çözüm olabilir. ‘Nereden başlayalım?’ derseniz, öncelikle neden multivitamin kullandığınızı ya da kullanmayı düşündüğünüzü kendinize sorun. Eğer beslenmenizde yeterli vitamin alamadığınızı düşünüyorsanız, ilk yapmanız gereken kendinize daha sağlıklı bir beslenme planı oluşturmak olmalı. Bu konuda bir beslenme uzmanından yardım almak, günlük almanız gereken vitamin ve mineral oranlarını dengelemenizi sağlayabilir.
Multivitamin kullanmanız gerektiğini söyleyen doktorunuzsa, gerçekten gerekli olup olmadığını sorun. Vücudunuz tek bir vitamin yönünden mi yoksa genel bir vitamin eksikliği yönünden mi takviyeye ihtiyaç duyuyor öğrenmenizde fayda var. Böylece eksikliği, beslenmenizi düzenleyerek tamamlayıp tamamlayamayacağınızı değerlendirebilirsiniz.
Kendi kararınızla özellikle A ve E gibi bazı vitaminleri yüksek dozlarda ve çok sık almayın. Vücudunuzdaki toksik seviyenin tehlikeli bir noktaya gelmesine yol açabilir.
Takviye Multivitaminler Hastalıkları Önlemiyor
Physicians’ Health Study II araştırmacıları uzun süreli multivitamin kullanımının sağlık üzerindeki etkilerini inceledi. Yapılan çalışmada multivitaminlerin kanser ve katarakt riskindeki küçük bir azalma ile ilişkili olduğu ancak kardiyovasküler hastalıklardan ölümleri azaltmadığı tespit edildi.
The Journal of Nutrition’da yayımlanan bir çalışmaya göre ise ekstra mineralli multivitaminler kadınlarda kalp hastalığından ölümleri azalttı. Ancak yapılan çok sayıda farklı araştırmada, multivitaminlerin erken ölümü önlemediği sonucuna ulaşıldı.
Multivitaminler üzerine yapılan birçok çalışmadan çıkan sonuçlar çelişkili olduğu için bazı sağlık kuruluşları hastalıkları önlemek için vitamin ve mineral kullanımını desteklemiyor.
Konuyla ilgili farklı bir yazıya burayı tıklayarak ulaşabilirsiniz.
Protect your heart at all costs: How to have a healthy heart
Studies show that heart attacks are one of the main diseases leading to death for both men and women. In its simplest definition, a heart attack can be explained as plaques formed in the blood vessels for various reasons preventing blood and oxygen from reaching the heart and thus stopping the system. Due to the vital importance of cardiovascular diseases, whose reasons have been investigated numerous times, it is important to know the most important prevention measures and adapt them to our lives in a timely manner. Protect your heart at all costs: How to have a healthy heart.
Sleep 7-8 hours every day
Research points out that regular and adequate sleep is one of the most important steps to protect heart health. A study that included people who sleep less than six hours a day and others who sleep between seven to eight hours revealed the relationship between adequate sleep and heart attacks. Accordingly, those who sleep less than six hours a day are twice as much at risk than those who sleep seven to eight hours a day.
Sleep helps regulate the level of insulin in the blood. When you do not sleep well enough, your cells become resistant to insulin, which causes your blood sugar to rise, weight gain, and you can develop long-term cardiovascular diseases. Regular and adequate sleep, which we do not pay enough attention to, is important enough to cause long-term cardiovascular diseases.
Your weight is an important clue to your health. The increasing rate of obesity in recent years has led scientists to examine health problems associated with obesity. According to studies, being overweight invites many vital diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. Some of the recent studies stress that your waist circumference is as important as your height-to-weight ratio. The likelihood of developing cardiovascular diseases increases in direct proportion to your waist circumference. According to scientists, a woman’s waist circumference of over 89 centimeters (35 inches) and a man’s waist circumference of over 102 centimeters increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
According to scientifically proven data, losing 5-10 percent of your total weight is enough to significantly reduce your chances of developing cardiovascular disease.
Regular exercise is a miracle-like wish for those who are lost in a busy working tempo and city life. However, we must not forget that health is acquired through discipline. Studies have shown that doing aerobics three days a week for 30 to 60 minutes regulates cholesterol levels, controls high blood pressure and reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. If you follow a healthy diet program along with regular exercise, you can reach these results much more effectively and quickly.
Laughing is the best medicine ever discovered. Studies have shown that laughter is extremely beneficial for vascular health. When you laugh, a serious decrease in the level of cortisol, known as the stress hormone, occurs. Decrease in stress and cortisol levels regulates blood pressure, strengthens our immune system and makes us feel happier. Scientists studying the effects of human psychology on diseases state that stress increases the risk of heart attacks.
Plaque emerging in the blood vessels for various reasons prevents blood flow, leading to a heart attack. Aspirin naturally distributes blood clots. If you suspect someone is having a heart attack near you, one of the first things you should do is to make them chew aspirin (not swallow). Thanks to this intervention, the clot that is causing congestion in the blood vessels will dissipate in a short time.
Learn about your genetic history
Your chances of getting cardiovascular disease are closely related to your genetic heritage. In particular, if there is history of cardiovascular disease among your close relatives get regular checkups. Early diagnosis is of vital importance in cardiovascular diseases as in many other diseases.
Beware if you snore
Studies show that snoring is an important sign of heart disease. If you are snoring, you may need to contact a specialist. Being overweight causes various diseases in a linked manner. One of them is sleep apnea that stops you from breathing during sleep. Studies have revealed that sleep apnea significantly increases the risk of heart attack.
Cut down on salt intake
Salt’s harms have long been discussed. In particular, the claim that cardiovascular disease is closely related to high salt intake is a subject everyone is aware of. According to studies, cutting down on your daily salt intake even by a single teaspoon is enough to reduce the pressure on your heart.
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Psoriasis: Symptoms and Treatments
Psoriasis, which is mostly chronic, is a common dermatological disease with different appearances in different people. The disease is not an infectious one and it can occur in people of all ages, even if it is generally seen in people 15 to 30 years old. Although the reason for its emergence is not completely known, it is thought that it occurs as a result of an interaction of the immune system, genetics and environmental factors. Psoriasis: Symptoms and Treatments
A frequently asked question is, “How do you understand whether a skin rash is actually psoriasis or not?” This article examines the description of psoriasis, its types and treatment alternatives.
The disease takes its name from some of the most common symptoms which are white, bright and dry dandruff on a red skin eruption. It can appear with the hardening of the soles of the feet and palms, and cracks in the skin. It can occur with a rash-like appearance in the folding parts of the body, such as the armpits or belly button. In patients with psoriasis, small pits on nails, yellow-red stains like oil drops, hollow and thickening nails, bleeding under nails and disorder on the surface of nails can be observed. The disease can occur on the skin with hair, knees and elbows, sacrum and hips. Sometimes, it can be mistaken for eczema or allergic skin diseases.
Types and symptoms
Plaque psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis, the most common one, is red lesions covered by blotchy, inflammatory, white and nacred flakes. These plaques, which can be itchy and painful, can be seen anywhere in the body. However, the most common areas are the elbows, knees, waist and scalp. Eighty percent of patients with psoriasis have this type.
Guttate Psoriasis: Guttate psoriasis is the second most common disease after plaque psoriasis and mostly appears in childhood or young adulthood. Its frequency among all psoriasis types is 10 percent. It is seen on the skin of the chest, arms, legs and other parts of the body as small, red, separate spots. These spots are generally not as thick as plaque lesions.
Pustular psoriasis: Pustular is a rare type of psoriasis seen mostly in adults. It is usually observed on a small area on the hands and feet as white blisters filled with non-inflammatory liquid but it can spread to other areas.
Inverse Psoriasis: This is seen on the armpits, groin, inframammary fold, backs of the knees, sexual organs and other skinfolds on the hips. This type appears as nacred, smooth, bright and red inflammatory lesions.
Erythrodermic Psoriasis: This is an inflammatory type of psoriasis which is seen frequently. This disease is the most severe as it covers a great part of the body, more than 75 percent, with itching and redness on the skin and painful, exanthematous flaking.
Psoriatic arthritis: Along with typical psoriasis symptoms on the skin, there can be rheumatic problems. Swelling, pain, redness and mobility restriction can be seen among its symptoms that affect the joints. In many patients, effects such as heel spur, elbow pain, waist and back pain, can also be observed. In some cases, psoriasis negatively affects the fingernails and toenails. Nails generally thicken and the disease causes some effects such as dents on the nails and nail separation from their bed.
As psoriasis can be mistaken for other skin diseases, consulting your doctor can help with getting a proper diagnosis and the best treatment plan for you.
The treatment of psoriasis should be planned, considering the general health, age and lifestyle of the patient and the type of psoriasis. The first thing that should be done while struggling against the illness is to prefer soaps that do not dry the skin, and moisturizing creams and lotions should be applied in order to clear up the dryness and to stop the flaking. The itch should be taken under control in this way as well.
Psoriasis is treated with various methods, such as steroid medicines, light therapy and edible medicine.
Topical medicines that are among the treatment methods that are applied to the skin directly, i.e., creams and sprays. Some of them contain a steroid, some have an analog of vitamin D, some have both a steroid and vitamin D and some contain retinoid.
More naturally, honey is applied to the skin and is accepted as a treatment option.
If topical medicines don’t provide adequate relief, your dermatologist can prescribe oral medicines that you take two times a week or a day. One of the recommended medicines that is generally prescribed is Apremilast. For some people, Acitretin, which is a derivative of vitamin A, is also recommended as an alternative, but you should inform your doctor about any medicine, like vitamins, food supplements and et cetera, which you use. You should also let him/her know about any allergies, health problems that you have or had, like pregnancy and surgery, before using this medicine.
If you use another medicine, the effects of Acitretin can change. This situation can both increase side effect risks and also prevent the medicine from working the way it should. Acitretin cannot be taken with some chemotherapy medicines, like Methotrexate and Tetracyclines. As a result, serious side effects can be observed. The treatment can be practiced by natural (solar) rays and artificial UV rays. In this practice, treatment can be done together with other medicines.
UVB phototherapy: UVB phototherapy can increase the symptoms of light and moderate psoriasis while it can treat spots, common psoriasis and problems that are resistant against the topical treatments. Its side effects can be itching, redness and skin dehydration.
Psoralen plus UVA: UVA rays can penetrate into deeper regions than UVB rays. Its short-term side effects are nausea, headache, burning and itching while long-term effects can be dry skin, increased sun sensitivity and skin cancer risk.
Atomic laser: This is used for light and moderate illnesses and applied to only the problematic skin area.
Injections: You can bid farewell to psoriasis with biological treatment – the success rate of which is between 80 and 90 percent – which is a much safer alternative that has fewer side effects. Injections are given every other week or once every three months to treat the illness.
However, medicines are expensive so be sure to consult with your doctor before deciding on a treatment plan.
If you’re suffering from this disease, you should definitely see a dermatologist instead of thinking that there is no cure.
Triggering factors for psoriasis
Mechanic trauma, such as sunburn, bath-glove or wax, that cause skin injury
Smoking and alcohol
Vitamin D deficiency
Stress, emotional trauma
Strong painkillers, some heart and malaria medicines
Infection and hormonal changes like pregnancy and menopause
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Uyku problemi nasıl çözülür?
Sosyal hayat katili: Uyku sorunu
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