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Good Grounds to Eat More Proteins

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Good grounds to eat more proteins

Proteins are one of the most important molecules that keep our cells functioning properly. They are made up of amino acids. The structure and function of our body depends on this nutrient. The organization of the cells, tissues and organs of the body cannot take place without the protein. Proteins play a crucial role in almost every biological process and their functions are very diverse. Their main functions in the body are to build, strengthen, repair and replenish the tissues. The body needs protein to renew the muscle structure and develop. Good Grounds to Eat More Proteins

Where can we get protein from?

We know that proteins are one of the main essential nutrients. However, the proteins in the foods we consume do not usually turn into proteins in our bodies.

When we consume food containing amino acids, these amino acids focus on production or synthesizing of proteins. If we do not consume certain amino acids, we cannot make enough protein synthesis for our bodies to work right. In addition, there are nine basic amino acids human body cannot produce and these should come from foods.

The amino acids that human body cannot produce on its own are: Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. Foods containing equal proportions of these basic amino acids are called complete proteins. Complete proteins basically come from animal sources such as milk, meat and eggs.

Soya and kinoa are vegetable sources that we can call complex proteins. Red beans, lentils, whole wheat rice and peanut butter also provide complete proteins. Research shows that the body does not require all the amino acids in one meal because it benefits from amino acids received from the last meal. That is, the recommended food is protein but what we actually need is amino acids.

What happens if we have protein deficiency?

A low intake of protein means poor muscle formation, edema or swelling, thin and brittle hair or skin lesions. If a person is deprived of protein, energy deficiency is very common. In addition, you can suspect protein deficiency if your immune system is down with symptoms such as fatigue and frequent illnesses.

How much protein do we need?

If you want to enhance your protein intake, you need to take in protein not just at dinner but throughout the whole day. According to a research carried out at Texas University, the muscles’ protein synthesis increases at the rate of 25 percent (when 30 grams of protein is taken per meal) when people eat protein throughout the whole day.

According to National Health Statistics Center, we take protein (13 grams) during breakfast; we consume three times more protein at dinner (38 grams).

But how much protein do we need per day? Experts say it is difficult to recommend exact quantities because it depends on gender, age and weight. However, if we generalize, healthy bodies need 0.75 grams of protein per body weight. For example, if you weigh 140 kilograms you will approximately need 105 grams of protein per day. The popularity of high protein diets in recent times has caused people to exceed the protein intake required. However, do not forget that extra protein intake is not a solution to any problem.

Foods high in protein

Animals and their byproducts aren’t the only ways to get protein origin, remember you can get protein from plants as well. Plants are as alive as animals in terms of their cellular structure; thus, they have protein content. In particular, legumes are rich in protein.

Let’s have a look at some great sources of protein:

Chickpeas

You can either consume this delicious legume as a hummus or add it into your soup. Chickpea is an excellent source of protein and fiber. In addition to protein and fiber, chickpea also contains iron, zinc, vitamins and minerals.

Cottage cheese

Cottage cheese is one of the first recommendations of experts in terms of protein. There are 14 grams of protein in half a glass of cottage cheese.

Kinoa

Good and quality protein, containing all the necessary amino acids, is available 100 percent in the body. All kinds of animal proteins are included in this group, and kinoa is one of the few vegetables in the group. When compared to foods such as rice and wheat, it has higher quality and quantity of protein.

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) database, cooked kinoa has eight grams of protein per cup. In addition, we can also say that it is one of the few excellent proteins for vegetarians. It contains nine essential amino acids that your body needs. It would give you energy for weight lifting and long meetings.

Salmon

You can receive plenty of protein by consuming salmon. However, protein is hard to digest when compared to other food products.

We said that protein needs vary according to the individual. In this respect, 1.5 kilograms of salmon fillet contains 40 grams of protein. Salmon is also rich in omega-3 that enriches the metabolism.

Almonds

In addition to rich protein content, almonds also contain high amounts of vitamin C. This positively affects the health of your skin and hair. In addition, almonds provide 61 percent of the daily recommended magnesium intake; which may help reduce sugar intake, calm premenstrual syndrome cramps, enhance bone health and relieve muscle pain and spasms.

Chia seeds

Chia seeds contains high amounts of fiber and protein. It also contains carbohydrates, but it mixes slowly in the blood because it is high in fiber. Thus, it creates sense of fullness and keeps you full for a long time.

Cashews

In addition to being a good protein source, cashews also ensure 20 percent of recommended magnesium intake and 12 percent of the recommended vitamin K.

Pumpkin seeds

There are five grams of protein in a handful of pumpkin seeds, and this means 10 percent of daily protein requirement. Pumpkin seeds keep you full for a long time with high protein values. It also contains fibers, minerals and magnesium. It is a mineral that relaxes muscles and helps to open airwaves. Thus, you can breathe easier. Animal studies indicate that magnesium deficiency causes adverse effects on histamine levels.

Potatoes

Another secret protein source is potatoes. While it has a bad reputation in terms of nutritional value, a medium-sized potato contains four grams of protein and meets 20 percent of the daily potassium intake.

Broccoli

Broccoli is not only a great fiber source; it is also an astonishing vegetable with its protein content. There are two grams of protein in half a cup of cooked broccoli.

Avocados

It is especially rich in terms of oil and protein, and avocado is known by sportsmen and those interested in fitness. It helps body tissues and skin renewal.

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Psoriasis: Symptoms and Treatments

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Psoriasis: Symptoms and Treatments

Psoriasis, which is mostly chronic, is a common dermatological disease with different appearances in different people. The disease is not an infectious one and it can occur in people of all ages, even if it is generally seen in people 15 to 30 years old. Although the reason for its emergence is not completely known, it is thought that it occurs as a result of an interaction of the immune system, genetics and environmental factors. Psoriasis: Symptoms and Treatments

A frequently asked question is, “How do you understand whether a skin rash is actually psoriasis or not?” This article examines the description of psoriasis, its types and treatment alternatives.

The disease takes its name from some of the most common symptoms which are white, bright and dry dandruff on a red skin eruption. It can appear with the hardening of the soles of the feet and palms, and cracks in the skin. It can occur with a rash-like appearance in the folding parts of the body, such as the armpits or belly button. In patients with psoriasis, small pits on nails, yellow-red stains like oil drops, hollow and thickening nails, bleeding under nails and disorder on the surface of nails can be observed. The disease can occur on the skin with hair, knees and elbows, sacrum and hips. Sometimes, it can be mistaken for eczema or allergic skin diseases.

Types and symptoms

Plaque psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis, the most common one, is red lesions covered by blotchy, inflammatory, white and nacred flakes. These plaques, which can be itchy and painful, can be seen anywhere in the body. However, the most common areas are the elbows, knees, waist and scalp. Eighty percent of patients with psoriasis have this type.

Guttate Psoriasis: Guttate psoriasis is the second most common disease after plaque psoriasis and mostly appears in childhood or young adulthood. Its frequency among all psoriasis types is 10 percent. It is seen on the skin of the chest, arms, legs and other parts of the body as small, red, separate spots. These spots are generally not as thick as plaque lesions.

Pustular psoriasis: Pustular is a rare type of psoriasis seen mostly in adults. It is usually observed on a small area on the hands and feet as white blisters filled with non-inflammatory liquid but it can spread to other areas.

Inverse Psoriasis: This is seen on the armpits, groin, inframammary fold, backs of the knees, sexual organs and other skinfolds on the hips. This type appears as nacred, smooth, bright and red inflammatory lesions.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis: This is an inflammatory type of psoriasis which is seen frequently. This disease is the most severe as it covers a great part of the body, more than 75 percent, with itching and redness on the skin and painful, exanthematous flaking.

Psoriatic arthritis: Along with typical psoriasis symptoms on the skin, there can be rheumatic problems. Swelling, pain, redness and mobility restriction can be seen among its symptoms that affect the joints. In many patients, effects such as heel spur, elbow pain, waist and back pain, can also be observed. In some cases, psoriasis negatively affects the fingernails and toenails. Nails generally thicken and the disease causes some effects such as dents on the nails and nail separation from their bed.

As psoriasis can be mistaken for other skin diseases, consulting your doctor can help with getting a proper diagnosis and the best treatment plan for you.

Treating psoriasis

The treatment of psoriasis should be planned, considering the general health, age and lifestyle of the patient and the type of psoriasis. The first thing that should be done while struggling against the illness is to prefer soaps that do not dry the skin, and moisturizing creams and lotions should be applied in order to clear up the dryness and to stop the flaking. The itch should be taken under control in this way as well.

Psoriasis is treated with various methods, such as steroid medicines, light therapy and edible medicine.

Topical medicines that are among the treatment methods that are applied to the skin directly, i.e., creams and sprays. Some of them contain a steroid, some have an analog of vitamin D, some have both a steroid and vitamin D and some contain retinoid.

More naturally, honey is applied to the skin and is accepted as a treatment option.

If topical medicines don’t provide adequate relief, your dermatologist can prescribe oral medicines that you take two times a week or a day. One of the recommended medicines that is generally prescribed is Apremilast. For some people, Acitretin, which is a derivative of vitamin A, is also recommended as an alternative, but you should inform your doctor about any medicine, like vitamins, food supplements and et cetera, which you use. You should also let him/her know about any allergies, health problems that you have or had, like pregnancy and surgery, before using this medicine.

If you use another medicine, the effects of Acitretin can change. This situation can both increase side effect risks and also prevent the medicine from working the way it should. Acitretin cannot be taken with some chemotherapy medicines, like Methotrexate and Tetracyclines. As a result, serious side effects can be observed. The treatment can be practiced by natural (solar) rays and artificial UV rays. In this practice, treatment can be done together with other medicines.

UVB phototherapy: UVB phototherapy can increase the symptoms of light and moderate psoriasis while it can treat spots, common psoriasis and problems that are resistant against the topical treatments. Its side effects can be itching, redness and skin dehydration.

Psoralen plus UVA: UVA rays can penetrate into deeper regions than UVB rays. Its short-term side effects are nausea, headache, burning and itching while long-term effects can be dry skin, increased sun sensitivity and skin cancer risk.

Atomic laser: This is used for light and moderate illnesses and applied to only the problematic skin area.

Injections: You can bid farewell to psoriasis with biological treatment – the success rate of which is between 80 and 90 percent – which is a much safer alternative that has fewer side effects. Injections are given every other week or once every three months to treat the illness.

However, medicines are expensive so be sure to consult with your doctor before deciding on a treatment plan.

If you’re suffering from this disease, you should definitely see a dermatologist instead of thinking that there is no cure.

Triggering factors for psoriasis

Mechanic trauma, such as sunburn, bath-glove or wax, that cause skin injury

Smoking and alcohol

Vitamin D deficiency

Dry skin

Stress, emotional trauma

Strong painkillers, some heart and malaria medicines

Infection and hormonal changes like pregnancy and menopause

Irregular nutrition

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How to Protect Children From Diseases

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How to Protect Children From Diseases

Schools are undoubtedly ideal teaching spaces for children’s education. However, schoolchildren face the risk of catching diseases in schools as there are many children using shared spaces. Especially during mid-seasons, the immune system tends to weaken, which makes schoolchildren vulnerable to various diseases. As I stated in my previous articles, diseases spread faster in indoor areas whereas the lack of personal hygiene is the root of many diseases. So, parents are required to pay more attention to children’s hygiene as crowded places play an active role in the spread of diseases. Showing care in personal hygiene is important for the health of your child and their schoolmates. You cannot prevent your child’s exposure to infections and germs in school, but you can reduce the child’s risk of catching diseases by teaching them personal hygiene habits. How to Protect Children From Diseases

Why hygiene matters?

After your child catches an illness, germs can spread quickly to the rest of your family. Diseases such as colds and enteric infections, which are frequently seen in children, can be transmitted to families. Therefore, helping your children understand the importance of hygiene will enable them and the rest of your family to stay healthy.

1. Make sure they acquire the habit of hand washing

Disinfecting your hands frequently is indispensable for personal hygiene. Especially in places with many shared spaces like schools, doorknobs, tables, desks, boards, chalks and toilets pose a serious infection risk. Consequently, washing hands is the most effective way to prevent infections that can be transmitted in school. At this point, you are responsible for teaching your children how often and how they should wash their hands. Start with telling them about shared spaces and items. And explain that they should wash their hands for an average of 20 seconds by rubbing their hands together and that they should wash their hands in the following cases:

After using the bathroom

Before eating

After playing outdoors

After touching a dirty item

After coughing, sneezing or touching their noses

After petting animals

If their hands look dirty

2. Don’t skip breakfast, make sure they eat healthy

Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Keep in mind that by letting your children sleep 5 minutes more, you cause them to skip breakfast. The variety in a child’s diet must be ensured as children grow in height; thus, they must often consume starchy carbs and fiber-rich foods and get sufficient levels of vitamins and minerals, while consuming fat and sugar must be limited. Schoolchildren are in a process of slow yet constant growth. To grow up healthily, they must consume the foods they need. Do not fret over what I write; you do not need to make a special diet plan for these needs. It is enough to make sure that your child eats six meals a day, three main meals and three side meals and cook the meals at home. A child grows in height the fastest between the ages of 7 and 14. This age group needs more calcium compared to the others. So, foods like milk, yoghurt, cheese and ayran must be included in their daily diet.

3. Cafeterias and canteens are important

I am sure you have other criteria you prioritize while choosing a school for your child, but you must also pay heed to the meal alternatives provided in schools for your child’s success. In most private schools, a fixed menu is served. In these cases, you must certainly check up on where the meals come from and in which conditions they are prepared. The situation is more dangerous in schools that do not serve meals. If your child is obliged to eat in the school canteen, which only has fast-food menus, you have to prepare a lunch box for them. Do not forget that children do what they see rather than what they hear.

4. Encourage drinking more water

Teach your child that he/she should not wait to get thirsty to drink water. It is no exaggeration to say that water is the most vital component of the human body and ecological balance. I am sure you have already heard that 3/4 of the human body consists of water. The human body undergoes dehydration during the day to exercise vital functions. The body needs 2-6 liters of water on a daily basis to function properly. Also, water protects the immune system against diseases.

5. Follow your child’s vaccination chart

Schoolchildren are generally exposed to infections and flu viruses that could cause diarrhea. Such infections can spread quickly if your child touches dirty surfaces. Also, your child’s contact with other children might transmit the infection to others. Pay attention that infection is not transferred through touching. Sneezing and coughing can also transmit infections.

As of the first month your child is born, a vaccination chart is formed against possible infections. Following the Hepatitis A vaccination during the first month after the birth, the child must get other vaccinations, including measles, chickenpox, diphtheria and tetanus. Other vaccinations are made during the first and eighth years in elementary school. Most of these vaccines do not provide life-long protection. Consequently, additional vaccine doses are needed at certain time periods. The vaccinations for your child must be completed before starting school. Do not forget that your school-age child can infect your baby. Also, children having active infections should not go to school until fully recovering since they can transmit infections to others.

6. Make a menu according to allergic diseases

Allergic diseases can also cause a disruption in education. Allergic diseases can affect both adults and children. Therefore, before your child starts school, you should take her/him to a doctor’s office and get information about his/her allergies. Also, if the school is away from your house, take a look at the hospitals in the vicinity of the school in case of possible allergic reactions.

If your child is allergic to certain foods, you can prepare a menu before leaving home. This menu should include snacks, fruits and other foods that the child is not allergic to. And make sure that the child’s medications are with her/him in case of possible allergic reactions.

7. Pay attention to hand and foot hygiene

Nails are a breeding ground for bacteria. Germs living under children’s nails can easily infect their eyes, noses or mouths. Therefore, their nails must be clipped once a week, and hands must be disinfected thoroughly after clipping the nails. Foot hygiene is also important for schoolchildren. Foot perspiration can cause fungal infections. To allow their feet to breathe, children must wear cotton socks instead of synthetic ones and wear leather or canvas shoes.

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Important Tips for Pregnant Women

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Important Tips for Pregnant Women

Research shows that about 50 percent of pregnancies are unplanned. It is much harder for someone who gets to know that she is pregnant out of the blue to spend a healthy pregnancy period than someone who has a planned pregnancy. Experts advise women to be cautious. If you are at your childbearing age and you are not using a safe birth control method, you can get pregnant at any time. Women in this group should develop and follow a wellness plan. Thus, when an unplanned pregnancy is encountered, it becomes possible for both mother and baby to have a healthy period. Unlike what you think, a wellness plan is not meant to fit your dietary lists, or to do regular exercise. A wellness plan is a life plan that is created to get rid of the harms of environmental effects. Important tips for pregnant women

TAKE FOLIC ACID

If you decide to become a mother, the first thing you need to do is to take folic acid. Folic acid use should start about three months before conception and should continue until the first months of pregnancy. Studies conducted on pregnant individuals at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the Montefiore Medical Center in New York showed that folic acid use has a major part in baby’s development during pregnancy. Therefore, taking a daily multivitamin containing at least 400 micrograms of folic acid should be at the top of your list. Your baby’s brain and spinal cord system develop in the first month of pregnancy, so it is important for you to take basic nutrients such as folic acid, calcium and iron from the beginning. Taking folic acid reduces your baby’s risk of developing a neural tube defect like spina bifida. Some women need to take a five milligram higher dose per day, so check with a general practitioner or midwife what the best dose is for you.

VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENT KEY

You also need 10 micrograms of Vitamin D supplementation per day during pregnancy. Vitamin D is important for the development of your baby’s skeleton and for future bone health. If you are worried that you do not eat well and healthily, you can try to take folic acid and vitamin D with multiple vitamins. The pregnancy period accompanies the risk of bone loss for the mother in the future. For this reason, vitamin D supplementation is also important during pregnancy. However, such supplements should be taken in consultation with your doctor.

Physicians advise to take rich in omega-3 foods during pregnancy. Omega 3 has significant benefits for both the baby and the mother. Omega 3, which plays a critical role in the development of the baby’s intelligence, also prevents the mother from sinking into postpartum depression. It is the most accurate and natural thing to take such supplements from food. Experts say folic acid is found in dark green vegetables; calcium and protein in dairy products; vitamin D in eggs, milk and fish, as well as its natural resource sunlight; and omega 3 in oily fish like salmon, walnuts and almonds.

AVOID SUGAR, CARBOHYDRATES

Pregnancy is a period when you are very hungry and have difficulty controlling it. Adding to this adverse effect the belief that the baby is nourished well if the mother eats becomes a very difficult situation for the mother. Sugar-rich and carbohydrate-intensive nutrition causes the mother to gain weight unnecessarily. It is much more essential to satisfy the needs that certainly benefit the baby than this type of feeding.

Mums-to-be should take nourishment and satisfy their needs in accordance with the shortcomings in their own body in light of basic rules. For this reason, blood tests conducted at the beginning of pregnancy period are very important for reserve control.

Pregnancy is a period when the mother’s need for fluids increases. Water especially should be drunk in abundant quantities. Acidic and fizzy beverages and diet drinks should be avoided. Motherhood is a life-long adventure. You need to continue to meet your baby’s needs after your baby is separated from your body. In the early stages, the best way is to breastfeed. This magnificent fluid, which transmutes according to the needs of your baby, has been researched by scientists using various methods, leading to admirable results every time. For the babies who are in vulnerable condition from the moment they are born, breastfeeding (at least) in the first six months is the most important source for survival.

PAY ATTENTION TO MEAT CONSUMPTION

Undercooked meat and cold delicatessen products are among the high-risk group foodstuffs in terms of toxoplasma convey. Experts say we cannot completely trust any meat and meat product. Research indicates that the probability of finding toxoplasma in undercooked veal is 5.5 times more than in cooked veal, and that the probability of toxoplasma in undercooked lamb is three times higher than in cooked lamb. Paying attention to the meat you eat is not the only way to protect yourself from toxoplasmosis. This disease, which can cause extremely bad results, can also transmit from under washed vegetables and fruits, pet sand and garden soil. A study in France, where toxoplasmosis is seen at the highest levels, showed that pets (usually cats) increase the risk of catching the disease by 4.5 times. Experts say that, just like undercooked lamb, eating unwashed raw fruits and vegetables triples the risk of catching the disease.

STAY ACTIVE FOR A HEALTHY PREGNANCY

Most mothers should be active during pregnancy. Regular exercise helps you control your weight, increase your circulation, improve your mood, and help you sleep better. Plus, having an exercise habit will help you build a good example for your child after childbirth. Pilates, yoga, swimming and walking are excellent activities for all pregnant women, but consult your doctor before starting any exercise program. Aim for 30 minutes of exercise on some days of the week. Listen to your body and do not overdo it.

CHANGE YOUR DOMESTIC RESPONSIBILITIES

Everyday tasks such as cleaning the bathroom or cleaning pets may be risky when you are pregnant. Exposure to toxic chemicals, lifting heavy objects, or things contacting bacteria may harm you and your baby.

Do not lift it heavy things.

Do not use hard chemicals in house cleaning. You can try organic cleaners instead.

Do not stand for too long.

Do not say goodbye to your pet friend but pay attention to some key points.

Possible diseases transmitted by pets are dangerous according to how much close contact you have with them. Animals have a microorganism called pasteurella in their mouths. It is a foreign microorganism for humans that can cause serious diseases. If you already have an open wound, even a deep scratch, or if you are bitten by an animal carrying this microorganism and get wounded, it can easily infect you. For this reason, you must vaccinate your pet friends. It should be noted that most of the diseases are not seen in animals that only eat pet kibble and do not go outdoors.

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